Rabu, 16 Februari 2011

OFFERING


AKHIRNYA POSTINGAN SAYA SELESAI DENGAN TOPIK AKHIR OFFERING


The expression of “ Would you like....”is normally used for offering something to someone.

Sani : Would you like a cup of tea, Mr, Owyedz?
Mrs. Sukma : Yes, please. Thank you. Hmmm...this tea tastes good....and smells fragrant too.......
Sani : thank you. I’m glad you like it.

Ways to say it
• Would you like a cup of coffee, Mr Green?
• Should I get you a bottle of water?
• Could I offer you a glass of milk, Mr. kiki?
• Would you care some salad?

ASKING IF SOMEONE REMEMBERS OR NOT


Formal expressions:

  • I wonder if you remember.....
  • You remember...., don’t you?
  • You haven’t forgotten...., have you?
  • Don’t you remember.....?
  • Do you happen to remember it now?

FINITE VERB

GROUP A

GROUP B

I like to sing songs.

I am fod of eating manggoes

We like to sing songs.

We are fond of eating manggoes

You like to sing songs.

You are fond of eating manggoes

Fanny likes to sing songs.

She is fond of eating manggoes

Faizal likes to sing songs.

He is fond of eating manggoes

They like to sing song

They are fond of eating manggoes

In sentences in Group A, we have the verbs like and sing. The verb like takes on different forms (like, likes) in the six sentences in the group. The verb sing has the same unchangeable form to sing in all the sentences. So, we have one verb which changes and the other which does not change.

In the sentences in Group B, we have a similar thing. We have the verb be in different forms (am, is, are) and the unchangeable verb form eating of the verb eat. So, here too, we have again one changing verb and the other an unchanging verb.

SURPRISE AND DISBELIEF

DEFINITION SURPRISE AND DISBELIEF A feeling that we feel when heard an amazing news which surprised and amazed us an expression that we show/ say when we know /hear/see something that rather difficult to believe .Used to express something taht we cant or impossible.

NEUTRAL

INFORMAL

FORMAL

That’s very surprising.

Really?

Here?

Is she?

That is a surprise.

What a surprise.

Good heavens.

That’s amazing/extraordinary.

My goodness.

What?

No! I don’t believe it!

Are you serious?

Well, I never!

Oh, no!

Fantastic!

You don’t say.

Who’d have thought it?

Fancy that.

You’re kidding.

I find that very surprising.

I must say it surprises me.

I find it extraordinary.

Indeed?

How very surprising.

I must say it surprises me.

EXPRESSIONS

FUNCTIONS

ü Are you serious?

ü No! I don’t believe it.

ü You must be joking.

ü You’re kidding.

Expressing disbelief

ü Really?

ü That’s very surprising.

ü What a surprise!

ü My goodness.

Expressing surprise


NEWS ITEM

News Item Text


1. Definition of News Item:

News item is a text which informs readers about events of the day. The events are considered newsworthy or important.


2. Generic Structure of News Item:
1.
Newsworthy event, recounts the events in summary form

2. Background Events, elaborate what happened, to WHOM, in WHAT circumstances.

3. Source, comments by participants in, witnesses to, and expert on the event

INTRODUCTORY IT


When the subjective is an infinitive phrase

We begin a sentence with it when the real subject is an infinitive phrase. So instead of saying, ‘To accept your advice is difficult’, we say, ‘It is difficult to accept your advice’.

Structure: It + verb + subject complement + infinitive phrase (real subject)

It is easy to learn English. (= To learn English is easy.)
It
is easy to find fault with others. (= To find fault with others is easy.)
It
is difficult to know his motive. (= To know his motive is difficult.)
It
is difficult to find a good job during these troubled times.
It
is dangerous to play with fire.
It
could be dangerous to drive so fast.

Senin, 14 Februari 2011

DIRECT INDIRECT SPEECH

Direct Speech (Quoted Speech)

Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between inverted commas ("....") and there is no change in these words. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation

Examples:

She says "What time will you be home?"
She said "What time will you be home?"
and I said "I don't know!
"
"There's a fly in my soup!" screamed Simone.
John said, "There's an elephant outside the window."